Month: December 2022

Month: December 2022

Teenage Pregnancy: Causes and Effects

Teenage pregnancy

Adolescent pregnancy is described as the purposeful or inadvertent pregnancy of females between the ages of 13 and 17 after engaging in sexual activities. Regardless of whether these youths intend to become pregnant, the general public frequently views them as self-centered, apathetic, and unethical.

These young women have not yet achieved adulthood, and there are many different reasons why adolescent pregnancies occur.

Peer pressure, lack of knowledge about reproduction, and early sexual activity are a few factors that may contribute to teenage pregnancy. Although some teenage pregnancies are planned, the majority are not, and they have a lot of unfavorable effects on the teen mother, the child, as well as other family members and classmates. Teenage moms frequently lack the means to care for a child and are unable to maintain healthy behaviors throughout pregnancy in order to deliver a healthy child.

These young women frequently drop out of school before finishing it, starting a vicious cycle that could result in their child being pregnant at an early age as well.


teen pregnancies in kenya causes and prevention

Causes of Teen Pregnancies

In certain cultures, early marriage and subsequent early pregnancies are a result of conventions and traditions. Pregnancy in these situations is permissible and almost always deliberate, yet they frequently occur in poor nations like India and Sub-Saharan Africa. But in wealthy nations, teenage pregnancies are mostly accidental and brought on by a variety of factors.

Drugs and Alcohol

Teenagers may frequently drink alcohol and use drugs at parties and other social events during adolescence with their pals. However, teens are unaware of the effects that drugs and alcohol have on their brains, particularly the consequences of binge drinking, which is the practice of ingesting enormous amounts of alcohol in a single sitting. Abuse of drugs and heavy drinking both increase the risk of unintended pregnancy. These chemicals significantly impair a teen’s capacity for rational thought and other cognitive functions, which raises the likelihood that they may engage in unprotected and risky sexual activity.

Low Socio-economic Status

Teenagers who become pregnant frequently come from low-income families. These youngsters frequently originate from impoverished households that lack the means to properly raise their children as they grow up. Due to the parents’ lack of commitment, these kids have poor educational ambitions and success rates as adults. These young children who were already predisposed to a bad environment lose motivation to perform in school and start forming relationships with teenagers who are going through comparable experiences. These teen populations are the ones who start to experiment with drugs and alcohol and perform poorly in school.

Low levels of familial connectivity are also related to low socioeconomic position. This means that the children and young people growing up in these families lack positive role models and mentors. Abuse is frequently common in these families with low socioeconomic positions, which puts kids at risk for dangerous situations. Adolescents are being cut off from their families, whether they are the victims of domestic abuse or witness it, which could result in bad decision-making. Adolescents who don’t feel connected to their families are more likely to turn to other disturbed youth who are going through the same things instead of confiding in the adults in their households.

These teenagers engage in unprotected and dangerous sexual behavior due to their lack of education and awareness about reproduction. These teenagers don’t research their alternatives or are aware of the various forms of contraception that are accessible. Even if teenagers have some sort of birth control, they are misusing it, rendering it ineffective when engaging in sexual activity. These teenagers simply have sexual relations at relatively young ages and may have several partners, which increases the likelihood of pregnancy.

Peer Pressure and Sexual Abuse

Another significant contributor to sexual assault is peer pressure, which frequently involves older male partners pressuring or coercing female partners into having sex. These young girls may feel compelled by fear to have unprotected intercourse without their consent.

In relationships, teenagers may experience peer pressure in a different way. They may feel pressured by their partner to engage in hazardous and unprotected sex in order to show their lover their “real sentiments” and “love.” In order to have unprotected intercourse and cause an unplanned pregnancy, the partner may manipulate the other.

Teenage pregnancy is also possible as a result of sexual abuse. Teen pregnancies later in life have been associated with early sexual abuse. Unfortunately, some kids have been sexually assaulted by adults—even family members—even before they reached puberty. Because they are afraid of being hurt by their predator, these young children frequently are unable to tell a reliable adult about the situation. These circumstances worsen the child’s effects as they approach puberty and raise the possibility of teen pregnancy.

Media Influence

Teen pregnancy is significantly influenced by the media, particularly programs like “Teen Mom” and “16 and Pregnant.” These programs frequently romanticize pregnancy and downplay its genuine challenges, which encourages these young women to get pregnant. Some adolescent girls get pregnant solely to enable them to drop out of high school or to compel their spouses to make a bigger commitment. Another factor contributing to some teen pregnancies is rebellion. A teen may choose to become a parent in order to demonstrate their independence and to feel like they have greater control over their lives. Through the advertising of these youngsters living more grownup lifestyles with greater responsibility and decision-making authority, these television glorify the concept of having a child.

Effects of Teenage Pregnancy


Teen mothers who become pregnant while still, adolescents are much more likely to drop out of school due to their lack of motivation and commitment to completing their education. About 38% of female teenagers who give birth to a child before turning 18 finish high school by the time they are 22. This implies that a sizable portion of teen mothers won’t even complete high school, much less pursue post-secondary education. This results in these young females having jobs with extremely little pay or, worse still, unemployment since they lack the necessary skills for future employment.

Additionally, this results in subpar living conditions and the inability to keep their newborn child’s environment safe and clean. These young women frequently end up on welfare and are unable to provide for their children. In general, these young women are compelled to delay and cancel any future ambitions in order to raise their children.

Another problem with teen pregnancies is that the young mother frequently has to transition from one identity to another while taking on a parental role. These young moms experience a variety of bodily changes, such as those associated with puberty, as well as needing to adjust to how their bodies change throughout pregnancy and after giving birth.

Teenagers are frequently compelled to depend on their families for both financial support and emotional support while they struggle to raise a child. Teens who become pregnant may face rejection from their families and don’t even get any help from them since they don’t accept the pregnancy. In order to focus on their pregnancies, these young girls are frequently compelled to cut off communication with their friends and other members of their social circles.

Teenage mothers frequently lack the healthy habits necessary for a successful child-rearing process. Due to their increased health risks, these moms pose a threat to the development of their offspring. Young women are susceptible to conditions like anemia and high blood pressure, which can only occur during pregnancy. Because they are not properly informed about the process of raising children, these mothers frequently smoke and drink.

It genuinely interferes with the developmental tasks that should be happening during adolescence to have a child at these crucial years. These young mothers’ new status as expectant mothers prevents them from fully developing a sense of self. Teen years are primarily for forging relationships with others and coming to terms with oneself, and peer and social interactions are also stressed or even broken. Teen mothers may experience sadness as a result of all of these issues and feel cut off from their families and friends. The likelihood of the teen mother committing suicide rises as a result of these depressive symptoms.

To elaborate, teen mothers frequently struggle to find financial assistance and social support from their child’s father. The teen father will occasionally be present for the entire procedure, but occasionally he won’t. Due to the lack of available assistance, resources, and child care, there is frequently considerable relationship stress and discontent if the father stays in the picture. There is an increase in disagreement, which could result in separations, making the woman a single parent, or even physical assault. These young women frequently do not receive prenatal care or regular examinations for their growing child due to a lack of financial resources, thus they are unaware of any health issues for their child.

Many of these teen mothers are not in good health, which increases their risk of labor complications. In addition, these young women frequently have unsafe abortions, which result in the deaths of many young women and their unborn children.


Due to the mother’s lack of resources, the kid of a teen mother is very likely to live in poverty. In many instances, the birth of this child effectively marks the start of an endless cycle. Many of the difficulties the mother faced as a child are likely to be faced by the child as well. For instance, it is possible that the child would grow up in very bad circumstances and in poverty. They most often lack a father figure, so they have fewer role models and are more prone to confide in other kids who are going through the same thing. These kids do not make much of an effort to succeed academically, thus compromising their chances of success.

Additionally, these children struggle socially and find it difficult to establish friends, which hinders the development of healthy relationships during an important period of adolescence. Poor relationship formation can be related to the child’s economic and educational deprivation. Due to a lack of parental involvement and supervision, the kids are more likely to drop out of high school and fall into drug and alcohol abuse. It is extremely likely that the cycle will continue to occur.

When compared to those born to adults, youngsters are frequently also more prone to have health concerns. They are probably mentally challenged and prone to behavioral problems. The children’s health will suffer from their anticipated underweight and preterm birth, which could potentially result in infant mortality.

Prevention and Support for Adolescent Parents

Teenage pregnancies are related to a number of unfavorable problems, but there are also some qualities that may make these teenagers more appropriate for parenthood.

Family and Peer Support

Having the support of their parents and continuing their social connections with their peers can help teen mothers become more resilient. Having those relationships throughout and after pregnancy, as well as all of that support, has a big impact on how a mother will act and adjust to her new role in life. Additionally, if the mother completes high school rather than dropping out, this is another protective factor that boosts teen mothers’ resilience. The support of the adolescent mother’s own mother is, by far, the most crucial element. The teen’s mother can be very supportive in terms of emotional support, financial assistance, and assisting her daughter with the newborn’s caregiving duties.


It’s critical that kids and teenagers have a trustworthy adult they can confide in from an early age. Teen pregnancy is significantly less likely if you have an approachable, educated adult or role model in your life. Parents frequently forget to explain the human body’s anatomy to their kids, despite the fact that doing so and educating kids while they are still young greatly reduces the risk of teen pregnancy.

Both a healthy environment and a strong self-image are necessary for children to grow up. Parents’ unwavering love and support for their children is necessary to help them make better decisions about their future sexual behavior. Having parental affection means that these teenagers won’t feel unwelcome by parents who are incredibly passive and uninvolved.

Open communication and spending time with kids can help prevent teen pregnancies. Every time they need something, kids and teenagers should be able to go to their parents and ask for their help. Strong communication between a child and parent is essential. These youngsters make better selections regarding their sexual behavior and are more likely to use birth control or other forms of contraception.


Teen Drug Abuse: How To Tell Whether Your Kid Is Addicted To Drugs.

Teen drug abuse is much more common than most parents would like to believe. As children reach their teenage years, they become more likely to embark on a journey of self-discovery. This might involve experiences that involve experimenting with various drugs, from marijuana to cocaine.

While some kids are simply succumbing to peer pressure, others use drugs to self-medicate from stress and other painful emotions to better their mental health. Others turn to prescription drugs, to improve their performance at school.

As a parent, you want to keep a watchful eye on your children. Educate them about drug use, so they understand the consequences involved.

how to know your child is abusing drugs

Common Drugs Abused by Kids

As a parent, it’s important aware of the substances that teens are most likely to abuse. Commonly abused drugs include:

  • Alcohol
  • Marijuana
  • Prescription medications
  • Ecstasy
  • Cocaine

Many kids will become curious about drugs and will experiment with them. Others succumb to peer pressure and try alcohol or drugs to fit in. It’s vital that schools and parents talk to teens about various drugs, and warn them about the severity and potential consequences of alcohol or drug use. Awareness, education, and preventative measures may be the key to preventing teen drug and alcohol abuse.

Drug use among teenagers is much more common than most parents believe. Teen substance abuse statistics can be quite shocking to some parents. In fact, 86% of high schoolers know someone who smokes, drinks, or experiments with drugs even on school days. Abuse and addiction are not uncommon.

To get a further understanding of drug use among teens, take a look at the following teen drug abuse statistics:

  •    5.9% of 12th graders in a survey conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse used marijuana on a daily basis
  •     16.6% of 12th graders had been binge drinking, which involves drinking more than 5 beverages on one occasion
  •     27.8% of 12th graders had used e-cigs in the past year
  •     74.8% of 8th graders start off using e-cigs with only flavoring inside but eventually progress to ones with cannabis oil
  •     2.0% of 12th graders misuse prescription drugs, like Vicodin

According to statistics, illicit drug use among teens has started to drop. Fewer and fewer teens abuse heroin and methamphetamine. The studies also show that more and more teens try drugs and drink, as they progress through high school. Prescription drug abuse is also much more common than most parents would like to believe.

Of all the drugs involved, marijuana appears to be the most popular. 71% of surveyed teens did not view cannabis use as harmful although 64.7% would disapprove of smoking weed on a regular basis. Drug and alcohol abuse rates have been rising in these areas. By knowing these statistics, parents will have a better idea of the drug abuse warning symptoms to look out for.

Symptoms and Warning Signs of Teen Drug Abuse

While you may suspect that your kid is doing drugs, it’s not always easy to recognize drug abuse warning signs. Answer ‘yes’ or ‘no’ to the following symptoms and warning signs of drug addiction to get a better idea regarding whether your kid needs professional help via an addiction treatment program.

Tally up the amount of ‘yes’ answers you have to get a final score. Compare your final score with the results to get a better idea of the amount of influence that drugs and alcohol may have on your child. These warning signs may help you make a more informed decision.

  1. Has your child ever craved alcohol or drugs?
  2. Do you see a drop in school or home performance because of drug use or alcohol? This may include missing classes or having an unexplained drop in grades.
  3. Has your child started to hang out with new friends due to drugs or alcohol?
  4. Has your child started to isolate himself or herself because of drugs or alcohol?
  5. Do you feel that your child is neglecting his or her family and friends?
  6. Has your child lost friendships due to suspected drug use?
  7. Have you caught your child trying to hide drugs or alcohol from you?
  8. Has your child ever complained about withdrawal symptoms, like insomnia or headaches?
  9. Have you noticed your child engaging in reckless and risky behavior when on drugs or alcohol?
  10. Do you notice significant behavior changes, especially ones related to self-care and appearances?

You should get a final score between 0 and 10. Check out the results below to see whether your kid is addicted to alcohol and drugs or struggles with substance use disorders.

Quiz Results

0 Points

If you answered no to all questions, then you likely don’t have little to worry about. You might have noticed a bottle of beer or even found some marijuana in your kid’s room; however, it is unlikely that their drug use has become an addiction.

While one-time drug use will not lead to addiction, it may be the first step to addiction. It’s a good idea to sit down with your kid to look at the side effects and consequences involved with each drug.

1 to 3 Points

If you’ve answered yes to 1 to 3 questions, there’s a chance that your kid is addicted to drugs, or — at the very least — on the trajectory to addiction. He or she may be beginning to develop a dependence on various substances. Continuing drug use can lead to withdrawal symptoms.

It’s much easier to seek help now through various addiction treatment plans. The withdrawal symptoms tend to be minor, and there’s less of a chance of psychological dependence.

4 to 6 Points

If you’ve answered yes to 4 to 6 questions, your child may be struggling with moderate drug addiction. His or her use of narcotics may have elevated to abuse. Get your child checked out by a doctor to determine whether the drug use has caused any health issues.

7 to 10 Points

If you’ve answered yes to 7 to 10 questions, your child has likely developed a severe drug or alcohol addiction. There’s a good chance that they will experience withdrawal symptoms when getting sober. If they’ve developed psychological dependence, they may also be more likely to relapse.

The intensity of the withdrawal symptoms will depend on the drug they’ve been abusing, the length of drug use, and the dosage that they’ve taken. In most of these cases, a residential drug treatment program will be able to best offer the intimate care that’s needed.

Other Signs of a Drug Addiction

There are other physical signs and symptoms that may emerge depending on the type of drug that your child is abusing. Other signs of drug use and addiction include:

  • A change in appetite
  • Delayed reaction time
  • Paranoia and anxiety
  • Poor concentration and memory
  • Red eyes or a flushed appearance

Some types of drug use are easier to spot than others. For example, alcohol and marijuana use can be quite obvious.


What to Do If Your Kid Is Struggling with an Addiction

addiction treatment

If your kid is addicted to drugs, prepare to take action. Gather evidence to support your claims, and then stage an intervention. Discuss your concerns with your child, and educate them about the dangers involved with continuous teen drug abuse and use. Prolonged use can damage their physical and mental health.

Depending on the extent and severity of the withdrawals, quitting may be possible at home. Close parental supervision and discipline may be all that’s needed to stop drug and alcohol use for good.

If quitting results in the emergence of withdrawal symptoms, professional help, and addiction treatment may be necessary. Rehab will provide the resources and medical detox programs necessary to help your kid get sober. Substance abuse treatment can be incredibly effective.


Get Help for Your Kid as Soon as Possible

Teen addiction statistics have been on the rise for substances like marijuana and alcohol. It’s important to realize that your kids can be susceptible to addictions and alcohol and drug use. If you notice changes in his or her behavior and appearance, pay attention to their actions to get a feel for their drug use and health.

In the event that they have been abusing various substances, don’t hesitate to speak to one of our counselors to determine whether there’s an abuse treatment that will suit his or her needs. It’s better to contact us sooner rather than later. We can help work you through the various options that are available, and even assess your child’s condition and situation to determine whether he or she would benefit from rehab.

How to Prevent Drug and Alcohol Abuse in Teenagers.

Every year, the Monitoring the Future Survey (MTF) provides insight into teenage drug abuse by surveying high school students. In the 2019 report, it was evident that illicit drug use continues to increase among 8th and 10th graders. As parents, teachers, and caregivers scramble to discover how to prevent teenage drug abuse, a combination of education, prevention methods, and interventions must happen.

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The first step for preventing drug abuse is to talk. Discussing the risks of drug and alcohol abuse will educate teenagers on things they might not know about many substances. Make sure as a parent or caregiver. You’re listening to their questions, concerns, and comments about your discussion.


When you’ve gathered information to openly discuss drugs and alcohol abuse, choose a time when you know you won’t be interrupted. If you’re anxious or nervous about having this conversation, let them know your feelings. Being open and honest about how you feel about that discussion will likely open your teen and let them be honest with you about their feelings.

  • Ask them first: Forget about lecturing them about drugs and alcohol, teens are way too smart these days. Instead, ask them for their opinion. Ensure they can be honest and watch their body language to see how they truly feel about the topic.
  • Discuss why they should stay away from drugs and alcohol: Avoid crazy scare tactics, and be honest and real. Emphasize how these substances can affect their life, such as sports, driving, health, appearance, and even their friends.
  • Mention the media: Consider discussing how movies, TV shows, and music videos often glamorize drug and alcohol use. Make sure they understand the consequences; you might even discuss recent celebrity overdose cases or those who are open about their substance abuse struggles.
  • Be ready to discuss your experience: Think about how to respond if your teen asks about your drug and alcohol use. Whether you chose to use drugs or not, explain what drove you and what the experience taught you. Remember, honesty is vital.


Many teens will experiment with drugs and alcohol, like most people. However, even those who experiment are at risk of addiction. Knowing some prevention methods can help you avoid your children’s substance use.

  • Maintain open communication about taking drugs.
  • Text positive messages to your children to maintain open communication.
  • Get involved in their life and know about their friends, activities, and so on.
  • Know where your children are, what they’re doing, and with who.
  • Set a good example by not using drugs, limiting alcohol consumption, and managing your behavior.
  • Teach them how to say “no” to drugs and alcohol in various scenarios.
  • Make your home safe by keeping any prescription drugs locked or even away from the house.


Just like adults, teenage drug abuse is linked to countless factors. From insecurity, peer pressure, and experimentation, teens are always engaging in risky behaviors. Most of the time, teens don’t assess the dangers or consequences of their actions.

Research says key risk periods for drug and alcohol abuse happen during major transitions in children’s lives. Think about puberty, major social situations such as moving, or parents getting divorced. It’s in these situations that children are at the most vulnerable.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), most teenagers don’t progress to develop a substance abuse disorder. However, there’s a small percentage who do, and they can struggle with substance use for years.


Risk factors are particular and do vary for each individual. However, some of the most common risk factors for teenage drug and alcohol abuse include:

  • Family history of substance abuse
  • Mental or behavioral health conditions such as depression, anxiety, or ADHD
  • Impulsive behavior
  • History of traumatic events such as a car accident or abuse
  • Low self-esteem or feelings of social rejection


First of all, struggling with a substance use disorder can be a life-threatening illness. Not to mention, young people who experiment with drugs and alcohol can put their health and safety at risk. Substance abuse has countless dangerous and negative consequences, including:

  • Impaired driving: driving under the influence can place drivers, passengers, and pedestrians at risk.
  • Risky sexual activity: being under the influence can lead to unplanned and unsafe sex.
  • Concentration problems: drugs can negatively impact a teen’s brain development, causing memory problems later in life.
  • Drug and alcohol dependence: those who misuse substances as teenagers are more likely to struggle with drug and alcohol dependence.
  • Serious health problems: drug and alcohol abuse causes significant organ damage, including permanent damage to the heart, lungs, liver, and kidneys.


How to prevent teenage drug abuse, you ask? As you can see, the answer isn’t a straightforward solution. If your child is struggling with drug or alcohol abuse, there are many treatments available. Talk to a substance use counselor to learn more about your options and how you can help your child get the treatment they need to get better.

At PGIO Mission of Mercy, we recommend comprehensive addiction treatment programs that are tailor-made to meet our patient’s unique needs. We don’t believe in cookie-cutter treatment plans that don’t address patients’ particular behavioral needs. We recommend a recovery plan that incorporates evidence-based addiction treatment therapies, group support, family therapies, and other strategies to help those struggling with addiction find their way to recovery.

In most cases, teen drug abuse is linked to mental health illness. Those who struggle with conditions such as ADHD, depression, and anxiety will turn to the effects of drugs to self-medicate. Children with these conditions have an increased risk of struggling with substance abuse. Spend time discussing teen substance abuse and its link with mental health conditions.


If you believe your child’s drug and alcohol abuse is escalating, consider reaching out and speaking with addiction specialists.

On occasion, most people start with a detox program to ensure a safe and comfortable withdrawal from the substance. Teenagers can benefit from intensive outpatient programs that offer a flexible rehab structure that allows them to progress in their recovery, while at the same time, it provides them the time to continue attending school, sports events, and other activities.

Addiction can be a life-threatening illness, don’t wait until it’s too late. Even if you need help staging an intervention to discuss your teenage child’s drug and alcohol abuse, experts can help you find the right words to give them the advice they need.